Water and land use
Below, where the Rhine river is flowing, was the border of the Roman empire (Limes Romanus). Nowadays you can see the national program ‘Room for the River’ in action (Rijkswaterstaat): e.g. on the opposite side of the river, you can see a high-water channel. Within this program Rijkswaterstaat is taking measures to increase the capacity of rivers to cope with high water levels. These measures deliver a number of benefits: protection against flooding and opportunities for nature and recreation.
It’s impressive to realize that the big ice sheets from Scandinavia, covering much of the Northern hemisphere at the glacial maximum ~150,000 years ago, were very close by to the west of where you are standing (in the Gelderse Valley), but that these ice sheets never came further than the current channel of the Rhine river you see in front of you.